Toys are the most direct educational and entertainment tool that children are exposed to at preschool age. In the choice of children’s toys, we also carry a certain purpose, so what do we really want in the toys? What progress do you want your child to make?
In 1983, Dr. H. Gardner, an American educator and psychologist, proposed the theory of multiple intelligences (MI theory), believing that human beings have multiple ways of thinking and cognition, and after 13 years of research, searched for eight valuable intelligent abilities. These eight intelligent abilities are manifested in various areas of people’s lives and can be realized through targeted learning and accumulation to enhance their areas of strength.
Speech and language skills: the ability to control and apply language, by training oral language expression as well as writing, to develop children’s listening, reading and writing. This type of toy can be referred to the common early learning machine on the market, storytelling machine, all kinds of bilingual education robot.
Mathematical and logical ability: training children to learn to use logical ability, logical cause and effect relationship for a structured induction, expression. This type of toy can refer to the market for a variety of numbers, spelling words and sentences, abstract models, and more complex maze toys.
Visual-spatial ability: training children to perceive the spatial position of various colors, lines and shapes, and the connections between them. Enhance thinking images, three-dimensional spatial thinking skills. These toys refer to a variety of Lego blocks, patchwork, combination toys.
Physical ability: training children’s hand and foot coordination, upper and lower limb motor strength, balance, enhance the flexibility of the whole body, enhance physical fitness. This type of toy reference toy cars, racing models, sports toys.
Musical rhythm ability: training children’s sensitivity to musical tunes, melodies, rhythms, timbres, enhance the sense of music, and express their perception of music. These toys refer to the electronic piano, percussion instruments, string toys.
Interpersonal skills: training children to respond effectively to the actions, expressions and language of others, and understand the relationship between people. For example, the traditional game of play house is good for developing this kind of ability.
Nature observation ability: training children’s cognition of various plants and animals and other natural things, stimulating the desire to explore the world. For example, various plant and animal simulation models.
Self-awareness: gaining this ability is a long-term cognitive learning process, the need to understand their own internal emotions, feelings and strengths and weaknesses, through the accumulation of knowledge to guide their own reflective ability. At present, through various toys can not fully achieve the purpose of learning this ability. For the time being, there are no suitable toys to recommend.
Parents can refer to these eight intelligent needs, according to the personality characteristicsof their own children, focusing on the development of their abilities, choose the right toys for children.