Logical thinking ability refers to the ability to think correctly and rationally. That is, the child’s ability to observe, compare, analyze, synthesize, abstract, generalize, judge, and reason about things. It is the ability to express one’s own thinking process accurately and methodically using scientific and logical methods. In short, it is the thought process of analyzing, reasoning, and expressing oneself in an organized and well-founded manner.
The importance of logical thinking for children
Strong logical thinking ability is not only the foundation for children to learn mathematics, but also a necessary skill for learning other subjects. Only with strong logical thinking can children have strong reasoning, summarization, extension and comprehensive analysis. The difference in learning lies in whether children have good logical thinking and strong learning ability. In the face of problems, the ability of logical thinking will make children not limited to a certain key point and think one-sidedly. Instead, it will consider more levels of information and comprehensively consider issues from multiple perspectives. They have strong independent thinking skills and often think deeply. These advantages are reflected in adulthood, manifested as good analytical thinking, fast sorting and induction, and great advantages in data processing.
Why do we need to train children’s logical thinking from an early age?
Harvard’s Center for Child Development has released a “Graph of Human Brain Development.” According to it, the development of logical thinking ability peaks between 10 months and 7 years old. After this stage, it begins to plummet to stagnant development.
Montessori pointed out in a report on the “window of opportunity” for children’s ability development that the age of 3-4 is a sensitive period for children’s logical thinking. The biggest characteristic of many children during this period is that they love to constantly ask “why”. For example, “why does it rain in the sky”, “why does the leaves fall”, “why do parents work”, “why do people eat”… They are eager to understand the world. They want to know the logical laws of everything and the causal relationships between things.
In this process, if adults can handle it properly, children’s ability to observe, reason and other abilities reflected by logical thinking can be well exercised. Establishing a good foundation of logical thinking from an early age can lay a good foundation for children’s future language expression, mathematical reasoning and other learning. Therefore, parents should skillfully use educational toys such as puzzles and building blocks to exercise their children’s logical thinking.